Looking back at the words of yesteryear. In 2007, I was enrolled in a study abroad program called “Sustainable Development and Social Change in Central America.” While in El Salvador studying Liberation Theology with a nun from New Jersey named Sister Peggy, spending time with rural communities, I wrote this poem.


Like some humans and chickens, some stories

are ground-dwellers, peck peck pecking

at tossed handfuls of dried words,

resigning faith to the pale hand

dipping in the frame, the sky

a blue door locked. Down-eyed stories

with craned necks, they are not life stories,


because a life story looks up, to

the sky our window, lulling senses

to marinate in so much

winged metaphor, to the sun,

to the moon man, beckoning us

to our front yard of the universe;

a life story is a view.


Like sky birds, life stories

glide and jag and twist all of it

together, we watch them rewrite

the air and rename gravity,

flying through altitudes for death

and the hatch, clouds and mountains,

and not for productive efficiency.


I have been hiking countries and decades

and high elevations for these airborne

stories, glued my wide eyes to flocks

of words tumbling back my head,

flying circles and singing boleros,

grabbing me in their talons, higher

with them, I’ve grown dizzy


from the height, how I’ve risen

in their talons and their muscled wings,

I’m rising in their stories

and their stories rise in me; I don’t know

what I know but I know that we are rising.

From the seascapes, from the thumping,

from the rolling green and granite,


I’m gasping from these muscles

and I’m grateful for the air.

There is music dancing skyward,

notes are bouncing round the towers,

verbs are raining from the heavens

in this stormy, windy spring.

A life story has no conclusion


but action. There is no freedom

but in freeing flocks into your bones, light

bird bones, letting their glide pick up

your elbows like a marionette,

plunk you in oceans, falling and

and falling you into the round, round world,

to fill your lungs of salt and faith.

Notes on transformative leadership from a community organizer in El Salvador

In practicing experiential education, the question of “What is leadership?” is a kind of cornerstone. A central goal in this practice is to create a context for participants to take charge of their own learning to apply in their real live in the real world. Another word for this is leadership.

In reading notes I took on an interview with a community organizer in El Salvador in 2013, I came across some profound insights on “transformative leadership.” The clarity and organization of his thoughts appealed to me enough then to write them down, word for word, and enough now to share.

What do you think about these distinctions? Comment below.


What is a leader?
Someone who, wherever they are, can be identified by the people as someone who can help them in their cause, and who has the charisma or whatever it is to attract others.

3 kinds of abilities of a leader?
Human—> Capacity to work efficiently and well.
Conceptual —> a “human architect,” helping others to be their best selves. Can understand and relate to people at all levels. Capacity to think long-term, good at creating direction.
Technical—> Knowledge and attitude about whatever type of procedure or technical ability has to do with your profession.

I. Communication, persuasion, integrity, emotional intelligence, creativity, critical thought
II. Should remain in the center, creating strength- should be visible and be in contact with people, but let them work creatively.
III. Interpersonal (charisma), legitimate (position), expert (knowledge formation), political (tactical astuteness)

Personal (charisma)– Charisma can be defined as projecting trust and confidence, verbally and non-verbally, comporting oneself with strength and posture and speaking with clarity.
Legitimate authority– have a higher authority, people consider it necessary that this authority is maintained. Attentive, concentrated.
Expert power– From a specialized learning track, power that comes from knowledge and information that a person has about a theme/ specialty.
Political power- Ability of a leader to build support; exchanging and listening to followers, how to attend to different people differently.

Compare and contrast mainstream leadership // transformative leadership
Designated  // Surge spontaneously, with growing morale of support
Formal authority  // Moral authority
Sees in worker their capacity/ distress  //  Sees in the worker their potential and dream, with sympathy
Administrator of concrete results // Human architect, guiding contact and actions with empathy
Orders work to be finished  // Inspires people to complete objectives

Kinds of leaders

Benevolent and paternalistic

-> Good relations with group but provokes dependence
-> Other person doesn’t collaborate equally

-> exert absolute control over subordinates
-> Doesn’t consult with others
-> Organizes vertical communication style

Transformative Leader
-> Consistent with what think/ say/ do
-> Constructive criticism/ self- criticism
-> Sense of grounded optimism that maintains positivity that allows risk and failure, celebrates successes
-> Sensibility/ simplicity and humility
-> Treat all as collaborators
-> Maintain good communication, listens to their ideas and supports them
-> Healthy and vibrant shared responsibility.

Advice for leaders
Never leave halfway what you’ve begun.
Before adversity, problems and challenges demonstrate courage and audacity.
When doubts, rumors, gossip, investigate and then act firmly.

A different kind of leader is
Shameless- expresses ideas and makes proposals with firmness, bold in vision of the world and chooses which ones want to realize

Disobedient– promote rational change against anachronistic behavior
Vagabond- dream with their eyes open and spend time speaking and listening to others
Disrespectful– communicate without fear of others not liking them, express their truth with humility
Dreamers– lets their imagination fly and always puts themselves out there to try the impossible
Passionate– that maximizes every hour of life, that lives every instant, although most important is to live and learn from failure.

Transformative leadership
This leader is immersed in a transformative process capable of changing structures to transform ordinary people to extraordinary people endowed with charisma, consideration, and intellectual stimulation

Social entrepreneurship: put your phone down and drink some water

A great conversation with the Mayor’s NY Civic Corps at City Hall.

Talking social entrepreneurship– shaking sh*t up from exactly where we stand, ways to look at success, savoring moments, taking some pressure off “mentorship” (asking for/ offering help, deep listening, and meditation can be a form of mentorship!), how the human brain is still in fact the most cutting edge technology (looking up from our phones to say hi and ask questions!), and drinking plenty of water


The Ideals of the Highest Growth Communities

Book snippets

Grow: How Ideals Power Growth & Profit at the World’s Greatest Companies”” by Jim Stengel, the former CMO of Procter & Gamble, writes about the importance of values & vision in creating a brand that grows. Recommended to me by a colleague, this is the kind of book I might have skipped otherwise. Yet one of my favorite things is to stumble into unexpected clarity from unexpected sources. Thus, I present a favorite take away from “Grow”– The Ideals and Must-Dos of the Highest Growth Communities. As this functions for businesses, I see possibilities for application in community organizing, in teaching, in art; where humans gather for a shared intention.


Do you agree? Would you add/ edit/ subtract something? Let me know what ya think.


The Ideals of the Highest Growth Communities

Eliciting Joy: Activating experiences of happiness, wonder, and limitless possibility

Enabling connection: Enhancing the ability of people to connect with one another and the world in meaningful ways.

Inspiring Exploration: Helping people explore new horizons and new experiences.

Evoking Pride: Giving people increased confidence, strength, security and vitality.

Impacting society: Affecting society broadly, including by challenging the status quo and redefining categories.

The Five Must-Dos to Build A Community

Discover an ideal in one of give fields of fundamental human values.

Build your culture around your ideal.

Communicate your ideal to engage community internally, connect communities externally, and the greater world.

Deliver a near-ideal community experience.

Evaluate your progress and people with your ideal